Middle ear liquid versus one ear infection: what’s the difference?

Middle ear liquid (also known as otitis media through effusion) is the visibility of fluid in the center ear withoutsigns or symptom of an ear infection. Ear liquid occurs in the middle ear and also is not led to by swimming and also bathing. Ear fluid can be caused by a cold, ear infection, everyday nasal congestion, Eustachian pipe dysfunction or may even be unknown in origin.

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An ear epidemic (also recognized as acute otitis media) is an energetic infection that frequently presents v symptoms (such as ear pain, fever, inflammation) and also requires medical treatment.

How usual is ear liquid in children?
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Approximately 90% of children have ear fluid before they reach institution age; however, it frequently goes undetected.

After an ear infection has actually cleared, many kids will have fluid that deserve to remain for weeks in ~ a time and can sometimes come to be re-infected.

What room the indicators that mine child has ear fluid?

Difficulty listening (if her child generally says “what”, turns the volume up on the TV, etc.)Speech delayFailed college hearing screeningBalance problems

Many time your child may show no signs or symptoms.

When should I do something about my child’s ear fluid?

The an initial step is to view a pediatrician.

If her child falls short a hear screening in ~ the pediatrician’s office and/or school, they may be referred to an audiologist.

If fluid is present for more than 3 months and does no go far on the own, this is usually considered a chronic problem and also you must ask because that a referral come an ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist.

How is ear fluid treated?

This is something that should be further debated with the ENT specialist.Acute ear infections space usually treated v antibiotics.Often times, fluid will fix on that own. If it persists, the ENT might recommend ear tubes.

What are ear tubes because that kids?

Ear tubes (also recognized as ventilation tube or pressure equalization tubes) are tiny cylinders that are inserted into the eardrum. They create an opened or one airway in the eardrum,allowingfluid come drain and preventing future fluid buildup.Ear tubes are among the most typical pediatric surgeries carry out in the united States.

What happens if ear liquid is left untreated? her child could experience:

Speech and also language delaysLearning delaysListening difficulties at school, which have the right to sometimes it is in mistaken as fist disordersBehavioral problemsHigher opportunity of recurrent ear infection

Kids might be much more at threat for emerging ear liquid if they:

Are exposed to cigarette smokeAttend daycareBottle feed as opposed to breastfeedingUse a pacifier past six months of ageHave been exposed come radiation close to the head and neck area

Kids may also be at threat if they have details medical conditions, such as:

Cleft palateDown syndromeImmune deficiencies

References:

Abo el-Magd, E. , Elsayed Yousef, Y. , El-Asheerr, O. And M. Sobhy, K. (2015) Risk components of Otitis Media through Effusion in Children.International journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery,4, 303-308. Doi:10.4236/ijohns.2015.44052.

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Rosenfeld, R. M., Shin, J. J., Schwartz, S. R., Coggins, R., Gagnon, L., Hackell, J. M., … Corrigan, M. D. (2016). Clinical practice Guideline: Otitis Media v Effusion (Update).Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery,154(1_suppl), S1–S41.https://doi.org/10.1177/0194599815623467