Medically the evaluation by Alana Biggers, M.D., MPH — written by Cathleen Crichton-Stuart on June 20, 2018

Early symptom of magnesium deficiency can encompass nausea and vomiting, lose of appetite, tiredness, and weakness. Although many civilization are not getting enough magnesium, deficiency is rare, and also symptoms usually indicate an underlying health condition.

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In this article, us look in ~ why civilization need magnesium, what magnesium deficiency means, and also what the key symptoms of deficiency are. We additionally cover diagnosis, encourage dietary allowance (RDA), foods to eat, advice for boosting absorption, and magnesium supplements.


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Share top top PinterestNerve and muscle duty depend on magnesium.
Magnesium is an essential mineral and electrolyte that plays a function in countless bodily processes, including:

energy productionbone and also teeth structuremuscle functionnerve functionDNA replicationRNA and protein synthesis

As such, the is an important that world are getting enough magnesium in your diet each day to continue to be healthy.


The nationwide Health and Nutrition Examination inspection (NHANES) that 2005–2006 found that the bulk of people in the United says were no getting sufficient magnesium in your diet.

However, the body deserve to retain an excellent levels the magnesium, so it is quite rare for a human to suffer deficiency symptoms.

Certain components can, however, rise a person’s risk of arising magnesium deficiency symptoms. These include:

continually eating a low-magnesium dietlosing excessive amounts of magnesium v urine and also sweat resulting from genetic disorders or drink too much alcoholbeing pregnant and also lactatingbeing hospitalizedhaving parathyroid disorders and hyperaldosteronismbeing older

Long-term magnesium deficiency may have actually adverse effects on:

bone densitybrain functionnerve and muscle functiondigestive system

Loss the bone density can it is in of particular concern. In younger people, magnesium deficiency may prevent bone growth. It is crucial to get enough magnesium throughout childhood once the bones are still developing.

In larger people, magnesium deficiency may boost the threat of osteoporosis and also bone fractures.


Early indicators of magnesium deficiency may include:

nauseavomitingloss of appetiteweakness

As deficiency progresses, civilization may experience:

numbness and also tingling in the extremitiescramps and muscle contractionsseizurespersonality changesabnormal love rhythmscoronary spasms

Prolonged magnesium deficiency have the right to have one adverse impact on a person’s long-term health and increase the threat of chronic diseases, including:

type 2 diabetesosteoporosis

Anyone that experiences any kind of of the above symptoms have to see a doctor for exam to develop the cause.


Diagnosis the magnesium deficiency varies between different countries. This is due to the fact that it is challenging to accurately measure the amount of magnesium in a person’s body. In the joined States, physicians estimate a person’s dietary intake to create their magnesium status.

According to the nationwide Institutes that Health, the RDA for people between the ages of 19 and 30 year old is:

310mg for females400mg for males

For human being aged 31 years or older, the RDA is:

320mg because that females420mg because that males

Requirements are higher in teens aged in between 14 and also 18 years old, and for those who room pregnant. Younger kids require much less magnesium than teens and adults.


It is feasible to with the RDA because that magnesium by eating foodstuffs that save on computer high level of magnesium, together as environment-friendly vegetables, fruit, totality grains, cereals, and legumes.

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Some foodstuffs high in magnesium, listed from highest to lowest magnesium content, include:

nuts, particularly almonds, cashews, peanutsspinachblack beanspeanut butterwhole wheat breadavocadopotatoriceyogurtfortified cereals and other foods

Other foods items containing magnesium include:

oatmealkidney beansfish, such as salmon and halibutmilkraisinschicken breastbeefbroccoli and carrot

When magnesium levels are low, the body absorbs extra magnesium native the small intestine, if reducing the amount the is excreted by the kidneys.