The alphabet is among the couple of linguistic elements that haveremained basically unchanged between the old and ModernGreek languages. Prior to listing the letters, let us make a briefcomment ~ above the together of the language, together it evolvedthrough the millennia.

Pronunciation

How close is the sound of contemporary Greek to that of ClassicGreek?

Phonetically, standard Greek would certainly sound rather alien tocontemporary Greeks, yet don’t ever before say this come them! Itis an problem that most Greeks, even educated ones, ignore.(1) Isuspect the is due to the fact that the alphabet has stayed unchanged, soGreeks can read classic texts v no trouble at every (pronouncingin modern-day Greek). After ~ all, it all looks Greek come them! Ifany (non-Greek) scholar attempts come pronounce classic texts inthe reconstructed(2)pronunciation, that, to Greeks is tantamount come sacrilege.As a modern-day Greek myself,I can provide you my an individual feeling for how the reconstructedpronunciation sounds: it is as if a barbarian is do the efforts tospeak Greek.(3)For example, take words barbarian” itself(which is the Greek origin): in classic Greek it would bepronounced . In contemporary Greek, the is . Ingeneral, the 2nd letter that the alphabet, beta, waspronounced as in Plato’s time, yet was changed to bythe time the Gospels to be written. Now, to the modern Greek ear, is a soft sound (a “fricative” in linguistics), kind ofsmooth and also gentle, if is a hard one (a “plosive”),kind that rough and crass. The same deserve to be said around the letter delta,which was pronounced as through Plato, and also as <ð> (as in this)since roughly Christ’s time; and also the letter gamma ( inClassic Greek, <γ> later on the last sound is a “voiced membranous fricative”; click below tosee the complete repertoire of contemporary Greek sounds). Greek reader ofthis text who execute not think that Plato, Socrates, etc., weresounding for this reason barbaric, may take a clue from this an extremely word: “barbaros”was coined after somebody who, together a non-native speaker of Greekwould create incomprehensible speech, which sound like...well, what? could it it is in “var-var-var”? wouldn’t it soundmore barbaric if the were choose “bar-bar-bar”? as well as this word, direct evidence for betacomes from a fragment that Attic comedy wherein it is claimed thatthe voice of the lamb is BH-BH.(4)In modern-day Greek this would read as “vi-vi”, ratherun-sheepish-like; when in the reconstructed way it would be “beeh-beeh”,exactly the sound that we, modern-day Greeks, attribute to theanimal. (If the leader would favor to make a talk about the aboveissues, email to me,and let me recognize what girlfriend think; however please make certain to have first read the web links that to speak “Evidence” top top the rightmost column ofthe table, below.)

However, the reality is as soon as non-Greekscholars attempt to pronounce standard Greek in the reconstructedway, they think they express accurately. Come me, Americanscholars sound distinctly American (like Platos v spurs andcowboy hats), Germans sound German, etc. Probably nobody canreproduce precisely the classic Greek pronunciation: we might knowthe rules the the reconstructed system, however when the comesto relocating our jaws, tongue, and lips, something various comesout of ours mouths. As indigenous speakers that this or the language wenecessarily bring over our indigenous phonology. Finally, let that benoted that classic Greek supplied pitch come differentiatevowels in words, while nearly all modern European languages(including modern-day Greek) use stress instead.(5)

The Alphabet

(Click ~ above the speak icon, next to the letter name, to hear the pronunciation inModern Greek)

Letter Name & Sound Modern Greek pronunciation Classic Greek joint (Attic)
1
*
Alpha
, together in “father”. Exact same as in Spanish and also Italian. Phonetically, this sound is: open, central, and unrounded.

You are watching:
How to say the greek alphabet

As in modern Greek 2
*
Beta
, together in “vet”; a voiced labiodental fricative. , together in “bet”; a voiced bilabial plosive. Evidence 3
*
Gamma

<γ>, a sound that does not exist in English. If complied with by the sound climate it sounds virtually like the early sound in “woman”, but with the ago of the tongue touching much more to the back (soft) palate. To express <γa>, try to isolation “w” indigenous “what” without round off your lips, and then speak . In Castilian Spanish this sound exists in “amiga”. Exact same is true because that <γo>: shot eliminating the sound from “water”. (C. Spanish: “amigo”.) top top the other hand, because of a phonetic phenomenon called palatalization, <γe> sound a little like “ye” in “yes”, and <γi> sound a little like “yi” in “yield”. Phonetically, gamma is a voiced velar fricative. (Its palatalized version is a voiced palatal fricative.) , together in “got”; a voiced velar plosive. Evidence 4

*
Delta
, as in “this”; a voiced dentist fricative. , together in “do”; a voiced alveolar plosive. Evidence 5
*
Epsilon
together in “pet”, except that the in “pet” (and other similar English words) is lax, whereas in Greek that is tense. To pronounce a it s too dirty pull the edge of your lips to the political parties a bit an ext than once you to speak “pet”. (We pull the edge of ours lips to the sides once we smile; however I don’t typical you have to smile every time you pronounce the Greek epsilon, OK? ) As in modern Greek 6
*
Zeta
, together in “zone”, a voiced alveolar fricative. Actually, the remark for sigma (see below) uses to zeta too (it is change a little toward <ʒ>, as in “pleasure”). Read the remark for sigma to understand why, and how to pronounce it. , as in “Mazda”. Also: , and also even: . Evidence 7
*
Eta
, as in “meet”, yet shorter, not so long. This is among the three ’s in the Greek alphabet; castle all have actually identical pronunciation. The factor for this redundancy has to do with standard Greek, wherein they were not redundant. long open up mid-, together in “thread” (but long). Evidence 8
*
Theta
<θ>, as in “think”; a voiceless dental fricative. In Castilian Spanish: “zorro”. , as in “top”, but an ext aspirated. Evidence 9
*
Iota
, exactly like eta (see above). The surname of the letter is express “yota” in modern-day Greek. (The factor for the y-sound in front of the letter’s name is because of the phonetic transformation of right into ). As in contemporary Greek 10
*
Kappa
, together in “skip”. An alert that in English is aspirated if it appears word-initially; Greek makes no such distinction. When adhered to by the collection or it becomes palatalized — because that the precise pronunciation please examine the page on palatalization. Phonetically, it is a voiceless velar plosive. (Its palatalized variation is a voiceless palatal plosive.) As in modern Greek 11
*
Lambda
together in “lap”. When adhered to by the vowel it i do not care palatalized, turning to a sound that does no exist in English (check the web page on palatalization). The name of the letter is pronounce ( is eliminated due to the fact that it is complicated to express it between and also <ð>). A voiced alveolar lateral approximant. As in modern Greek 12
*
Mu
, together in “map”; a voiced bilabial nasal. An alert that the name of the letter is pronounced (mee), not “mew” together in American English. As in modern Greek 13
*
Nu
, together in “noble”; a voiced alveolar nasal. When followed by the vowed it becomes palatalized, transforming to a sound the does no exist in English (but exists in Spanish, written as ñ; watch the web page on palatalization). Notification that the name of the letter is pronounce (ñee), no “new” as in American English. As in modern Greek 14
*
Ksi
as in “fox”. Contradictory to the English “x”, the letter ksi walk not change pronunciation at the start of a native (it go not become a ; Greeks have actually no trouble beginning a word v +). For example, in words ksenofovia (ξενοφοβία = xenophobia) the early sound is not omitted. Nothing put any kind of aspiration between and also as soon as pronouncing this letter. The remark for sigma uses to the -sound the ksi, too. As in contemporary Greek 15
*
Omicron
Same prefer in “got” the way it is pronounce in brothers English. Notification how the vowel in brothers “got” is tense, which way that you have to really round her lips once you express the Greek . A mid-close back rounded vowel. As in contemporary Greek 16
*
Pi

, together in “spot”; a by chance bilabial plosive. Notification that in English

is aspirated if it shows up word-initially; Greek provides no together distinction. As in modern Greek 17

*
Rho
: in between vowels that is a sound that exists in American English in the joint of “tt” in “butter” (but no in Brittish English). Sounds like the Spanish in “pero”. (Spanish speakers: in Greek over there is no difference in whether you trill your rho as in “perro” or not; but normally Greeks pronounce it an ext as in “pero” than as in “perro”.) Otherwise the a trill, favor the Italian . Practically every Greek have the right to pronounce rho as a long trill if they wish (like the Russian ), and also you will hear that pronounced favor that in some Greek songs. Phonetically, it is a voiced alveolar insanity (and sometimes a trill). Probably together in contemporary Greek as soon as single, and also as a trill once double. Word-initially: aspirated:
18
*
Sigma
, as is “soap”; a voiceless alveolar fricative. Actually, if friend listen carefully to indigenous Greek speakers, it sound a little like in between and (probably due to the fact that there is no in Greek, so the sound is somewhat shifted in the phonological space). However, come the aboriginal English ear it sounds lot closer come 보다 to , vice versa, every native Greek speaker would certainly swear they express it exactly like the English , unless forced to admit the distinction by looking in ~ spectrograms. In reality, you can develop it choose this: feel where your tongue is when you speak : very close come the front teeth, right? now feel whereby it is once you to speak (far back). Ar it somewhere midway, and also you will develop the Greek . You’ll uncover that you’ll need to make a similar adjustment to the shape of your lips, midway v rounded because that and also tense because that ; in the Greek sigma the lips are relaxed. This is the means “s” is pronounce in Castilian Spanish (as protest to Latin American Spanish). Notice that the second way of writing the lower situation sigma is used solely when the letter shows up at the end of a native (there is just one funding form). Probably as in modern Greek 19
*
Tau
, together in “stop”; a coincidentally alveolar plosive. Notice that in English is aspirated if it appears word-initially; Greek renders no such distinction. As in modern-day Greek 20
*
Upsilon
, exactly like eta and also iota (see above). The surname of the letter is express (ee-psee-lon), not “yupsilon” as it is called in American English. Rounded , together in French “une”. Evidence 21
*
Phi
together in “fat”; a voiceless labiodental fricative. , together in “pit”, but an ext aspirated. Evidence 22
*
Chi
, a sound that does not exist in English (but exist in Scottish, as in “loch”; German: “Bach”; Spanish: “Jorge”). When followed by collection or that is pronounced together in German “ich”. Because that the specific pronunciation in this case, please check the page on palatalization. Phonetically, it is a voiceless velar fricative. (Its palatalized version is a voiceless palatal fricative.) , together in “cut”, but an ext aspirated. Evidence 23
*
Psi
together in “lopsided”. Contrary to English, the sound the the letter does not adjust at the start of a native (it go not come to be a ; Greeks have no trouble beginning a word through

+). For example, in words psychologia (ψυχολογία = psychology) the early stage sound

is not omitted. Nothing put any kind of aspiration between

and also as soon as pronouncing this letter. The remark for sigma uses to the -sound the psi, too. As in contemporary Greek 24

*
Omega
, specifically like omicron. (Once again, the factor for the redundancy is come be uncovered in classic Greek.) Long open up mid-back , together in “law”. Evidence

Phonology and Orthography

Oops! Twenty-four letters only? Surely some sounds have to bemissing?

That’s correct. There space sounds usual in various other languagesthat carry out not exist in Greek. Together sounds are all the postalveolarfricatives and also postalveolar affricates (<ʃ> as in “shop”,<ʒ> as in “pleasure”, together in “church”,and together in “job”). For this reason what execute Greeks dowhen they desire to pronounce international words through these sounds? Ifthey room not trained to pronounce correctly, they simplytransform these postalveolar sounds to your correspondingalveolar ones: <ʃ> → , <ʒ> → , , . Questioning aGreek to express “fish ’n chips” following time you want tohave some etymological fun.

And what about other really common sounds, choose , ,, etc.? these seem to be missing from the alphabet, too! Arethey also lacking from the repertoire of the sound of thelanguage?

No! These room existent together sounds in the language. It isjust that there room no single letters to denote them. As soon as Greekswant to write those sounds they create them as two-lettercombinations: is written as μπ (mu + pi), together ντ (nu +tau), and as γκ (gamma + kappa), or together γγ (double gamma).Why every this trouble? Remember, as explained in the introductoryparagraph ~ above this page, the sounds , , and also provided toexist in classic Greek. Later, probably some time after ~ the NewTestament was created in the so-called Koine (common)Greek, these three sounds had actually shifted in pronunciation come thecorresponding “soft” persons (, <ð>, and also <γ>). Thisleft a void in the acoustic space. Words that containedcombinations favor “mp” and also “nt” began being pronouncedas and , respectively. Therefore the “plosive” sound werere-introduced, however pairs of letters were used currently to represent them.

There is one an ext sound in the languagewhich is missing from the alphabet: the is <ŋ>, the “ingma”, thelast consonant in “king”. This sound is an extremely rare in Greek, and also when it shows up (as in “άγχος”:anxiety; “έλεγχος”: checking) that is denoted through thecombination gamma + chi, v the gamma pronounced together <ŋ>.

All the the over plus lot more, including the pervasivephenomenon of palatalization, deserve to be found in this page on the details ofModern Greek pronunciation, which consists of sound samples withthe author’s voice for all of the gift examples.

You may also find advantageous this page, mirroring the sound of contemporary Greekagainst all feasible sounds of any language in the world. Thetables for consonants and vowels in that page are really familiarto linguists, but you don’t must be a linguist come understandit.

For her convenience, right here is a table to use as quick reference, listing the two-letter clusters that result in new sounds, not had in the Greek alphabet:

Cluster
Modern Greek pronunciation Further:
ΜΠ μπ , together in “bee”, in ~ the beginning of indigenous or in loanwords; otherwise: , as in “combat”. see more details and examples
ΝΤ ντ , together in “do”, at the start of words or in loanwords; otherwise: , together in “fund”. see more details and also examples
ΓΚ γκΓΓ γγ , together in “go”, in ~ the start of indigenous or in loanwords; otherwise: <ŋg>, together in “fungus”.Note: the type γγ never shows up at the start of words, so it is constantly <
*
g>, as in “fung
us”.
see an ext details and examples
ΓΧ γχΓΞ γξ In former of χ (chi) the letterγ (gamma) is pronounced together an “ingma”: <ŋ> (king), complied with by χ.In front of ξ (ksi) the letter γ(gamma) is pronounced as an “ingma”: <ŋ> (king), adhered to by ξ.Note: the cluster γξ is also rare; it appears only in uncommon words such together λυγξ (the lynx). see much more details and also examples

Arguably, over there are likewise the following pairs, which execute not an outcome in distinct sounds however are viewed as “one thing” by native speakers the Greek:

Cluster Modern Greek pronunciation Further:
ΤΣ τσ , as in “cuts”, yet without separating indigenous .Note: in rare situations where τσ is in ~ the finish of a word, the sigma (σ) is composed as a final sigma (ς); thus:τς. see more details and examples
ΤΖ τζ , together in “rods”, yet without separating indigenous . see an ext details and also examples

What around vowels? Is there any type of similarity through the Englishvowels, or v those of any kind of other language?

Vowels in Greek space easy. The is, ifyou are not a native speaker of English! that’s becausealthough English is really rich in vowel sounds, still, itlacks almost fully the Greek vowels. The last are morelike the collection of Italian, Spanish, or Japanese: they space thefive sounds , , , , and (6). Now, there space three lettersfor in the alphabet (eta, iota, and upsilon), pronouncedidentically, and two letter for (omicron and also omega), alsopronounced identically. For the sound (as in “loot”)the mix ου (omicron + upsilon) is used.

Here space three great rules of ignorance for aboriginal Englishspeakers:

Greek vowels never ever sound choose glides. The is, English speakers have tendency to express Greek practically always as (as in “bay”, “buffet”, “claim”, etc.), a phenomenon well-known as gliding. In Greek that’s wrong! try to avoid including the sound at the finish just stay through (almost choose “bet”, but notice, the in “bet” is lax; at any time the it is too dirty is express in English, the glides and sounds choose ). The exact same is true for : protect against pronouncing it together (as in “rope”, “bone”); simply stay through , together in “awe”, “law”, etc., however make that a bit shorter (and don’t open your mouth as much as is required by “awe”; that’s an ideal for omega that the classic Greek times; contemporary Greek is a bit an ext closed). Greek indigenous often end in (sigma), and also when English speakers hear Greeks pronouncing together endings lock think lock hear “sh”. (For an explanation check out the comments of the letter sigma, in the table.) If you can not reproduce the Greek sigma exactly, simply approximate it v English “s”, as in “boss”. Remember, there is no sh” in Greek (except in the dialect of Crete, to be accurate), and also that’s why hearing “sh” sounds really foreign to the Greek ear.So, sounds simple. Is thereanything else about vowels?

Not in pronunciation. In writing, however, there is. Over there arethree so-called “diphthongs”, which space not diphthongsanymore, however digraphs. (A diphthong is a long vowel with morethan one part, each of which has a different quality, such asthe ou in “loud”,or the oy in “boy”;a digraph is 2 letters which, when put together, are review asone unit, such as the English th in “think”,or the ph in “graph”.)Here are the Greek digraph of vowels:

Digraph Modern Greek pronunciation Classic Greek pronunciation (Attic)
*
Exactly prefer ε (epsilon, fifth letter, watch above) , as in “buy”. Evidence
*
Exactly favor ι (iota, 9th letter, watch above) , as in “bay”. Evidence
*
Exactly prefer ι (iota, 9th letter, watch above) , as in “boy”. Evidence
*
Exactly favor ι (iota, 9th letter, watch above; likewise read comment below) ~. Evidence
*
, currently explained in a vault paragraph As in modern-day Greek
*
if the following sound is voiced, and if the adhering to sound is unvoiced , together in “loud”. Evidence
*
if the following sound is voiced, and also if the complying with sound is unvoiced . Evidence
*
if the adhering to sound is voiced, and also if the following sound is unvoiced ~. Evidence
Notes:

The digraph ηυ (eta + upsilon) is exceptionally rare inModern Greek; it shows up in 3 verb-forms only: εφηύρα (=“I invented”), απηύδησα (=“I acquired fed up”), and also απηύθυνα (=“Idirected my decided to sb.”); it to be much an ext common in ancientGreek, though.The digraph υι (upsilon + iota) appearsonly in a very tiny number of modern-day Greek words: υιός (=“son”, however this type is obsolete; the contemporary one isγιος), and also its derivatives: υιοθετώ (=“adopt”),υιοθεσία (=“adoption”), υιικός (=“filial”)and a few rare ones, such as άρπυια (~a mythologicalcreature), καθεστηκυία (=“established, prevailing”), etc.If you desire to know the factor why these weird-lookingcombinations of letters exist, once again, blame ancient Greek,in i beg your pardon those were true diphthongs. When later the vowel spacewas planarization to its existing five members, and no lengthy vowelsexisted anymore, the diphthongs were reinvented as the tableabove shows.

Does that median that the sound (as in “buy”),for example, can never take place in modern Greek, because if writtenas αι it would be express ?

It is feasible to have the letters alpha and also iotanext come each other and creating the sound , butthen we require to present this in writing. We do this through puttinga pair that dots, the diaeresis, over the iota, prefer this:αϊ, as in words παϊδάκι (=“ribsteak”). The is even possible to have the stress together withthe diaeresis end the iota: παΐδι (=“rib”).The diaeresis have the right to “dismiss” any of the vowel-digraphs: αϊ,εϊ, οϊ, υϊ, οϋ, αϋ, and εϋ (whereas ηϋ go not occur inModern Greek), in which case the 2 constituent collection arepronounced separately. Much more about the diaeresis in mypage on interval marks.

What room those quick straight lines inserted over part vowelsin Greek texts?

That’s the stress. It shows which syllable should be express slightly higher in pitch and volume than the rest. I indicate that youclick here to find out all the details around how to place accent marksto present the tension in Greek. Yet if friend want just a briefdescription, possibly the following two paragraphs would suffice.

In modern-day Greek, the accent mark is inserted only in lowercase writing, and also only over the collection of the emphasize syllable. If the vowel is written with a digraph (see above), the accent note is inserted over the second letter of the pair. Monosyllabic words are not presented with stress, because the details would be redundant. In Greek (of every times), only among the last three syllables of a word can be stressed. Native Greek speaker “internalize” this preeminence (they likewise learn it clearly at school), and also tend to use it also to languages that enable placement of stress on any kind of syllable, such together English. (For example, the word difficulty is often pronounced by Greeks that start discovering English together a second language.) In standard Greek there to be no lowercase letters, just capitals. For this reason there were no interval marks end the letters. Later, during the Hellenistic time (last three centuries BC) lowercase letters were introduced, and together with them, the interval marks. However, the case was quite complex, because there were three marks for the stress, and two “aspiration marks”, put over the initial vowel of a word, if any. Among the latter two (the “rough breath mark”, written choose a tiny “c”) was standing in place of the by-then-obsolete early letter H, and was pronounced prefer English . (In standard times this letter was in reality written.) So, words like “history”, “hydrogen”, “hour”, “Hellenic”, and many others, passed right into English (filtered an initial through Latin) through the early “h” written and pronounced, while the matching Greek words to be written v the unstable breathing note over the initial vowel. Later, even the together of this mark was dropped, therefore one had to learn what breathing note to put over the initial vowel without having any clue indigenous pronunciation. This situation lasted until relatively recently. (As a child, I had actually to discover those orthographic rules, too.) In 1982, every breathing marks to be officially dropped, and also the three species of stress marks were lessened to one and even that one is provided only top top multisyllabic words.Do Greek letters have some inherentmeaning?(7)What space the dictionary interpretations of words choose “alpha”,“beta”, etc.?

No, there is no definition in Greek letters. You are probablythinking of Chinese ideograms, or ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs,which room symbols v some associated meaning. Alpha, beta,gamma, delta, etc., be affected by each other no more definition in Greek 보다 a,bee, cee, dee, etc., bear in English. Their names are simply abit longer, that’s all, that’s why they might look likemeaningful words. Now, over there is one English letter the surname ofwhich have the right to be claimed to have some meaning, yet trivial: it’sw, which us pronounce “double-u”. The name of this letter isderived from ancient forms of it, when it was composed as two U’s,joined like this: UU. Similarly, thereare a grasp of Greek letters that can be claimed to have actually suchtrivial meanings, associated always with your pronunciation:epsilon (εψιλον) is yes, really e-psilon, definition “light e”,“bare e”, or “mere e”, a name presented in Byzantinetimes, to identify it native the various other , the digraphalpha-iota (see above). In old (e.g., classical) time thisdistinction to be unnecessary, since ε and also αι had completelydifferent sounds, for this reason the surname of this letter was just ε.Similarly, upsilon (υψιλον) is really u-psilon, meaning “mereu”, distinguishing it from the other two ’s: ι and η; inancient Greek its surname was υ. Finally, omicron (ομικρον)is o-micron, or “little o”, to identify it indigenous o-mega (ωμεγα),or “great o”. Again, these names were presented in latertimes, when the pronounced level of the 2 letters had actually becomeidentical; in old times your names were simply ο and also ω.

That said, it must be pointed out that the origin ofthe Greek letters, which is the old Phoenician alphabet, didassign definition to every letter. For example, the first letter ofthe Phoenician alphabet (a close cousin the the Hebrew alphabet,the first three letters of which are aleph, beth, and also gimel)was created as an reverse A, astylized relenten of the triangle head of one ox through itshorns. In Phoenician, the surname of the letter was theword because that “ox”. Similarly, the letter gamma (Hebrew gimel)is obtained from the Phoenician word because that “camel”; and so on.But this is not certain to Greek, it is existing in Semitic languages. In Greek, theletters are just symbols, devoid of meaning.

Footnotes (clicking ~ above the footnote-number, ~ above theleft, brings ago to the text)

(1). As I to be informedrecently through a Greek reader of this page, now they do learn atschool the the ancient pronunciation was different. Good, that’sprogress; in my high school years (late 70’s) us were left inthe dark. However, ns tested this reader’s info by askinga pair of young Greek college student (friends’ children), and also foundout that just about the only thing they find out is the somevowels, such together the omega and also eta, to be pronounced in different ways bythe ancients; at the very least that’s what was registered in thoseyoung students’ memory.

(2). An previously version that this web page referred to the “Erasmian”pronunciation that Greek, after the dutch scholar DesideriusErasmus (1466?-1536), who established a pronunciation mechanism forancient Greek that was geared towards the phonological abilitiesof speaker of Dutch. Later, his system was embraced by speakersof assorted other languages, who readjusted it slightly to your ownneeds. Because today that is not well-known what exactly one refers towhen one mentions “the Erasmian system”, this web page refersto the “reconstructed” system of pronunciation, as displayed onthe rightmost column, “Classic Greek together (Attic)”,and as defined if you monitor the web links that say “Evidence”.

(3). Part readers (esp. Fellow Greeks) took this comment tomean that I do not think the reconstructed pronunciation isright. Wrong! i do believe it is right. However, what Ibelieve or no is entirely inconsequential. One need to believetheir eye (looking in ~ data, that is) and that is why Ihave accumulated the data (which is known to me) under those linksthat speak “Evidence” (last obelisk of the table; friend know,those blue underlined things? click them!). I made thiscomment to define to non-Greeks what it feels come hear thereconstructed pronunciation if you are a Greek, and also if friend havebeen educated thinking that Pericles could have claimed to his wife,“Ασπασία, τι γκαντεμιά! Εγώ τηψυλλιάζομαι τη δουλειά, φιρί-φιρίτο πάνε να μας την πέσουν οιΛακεδαιμόνιοι. Πρέπει να τουςσπάσουμε τον τσαμπουκά!”

(4). Cratinus, in Dionysalexandros:

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*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
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the silly goes around like a lamb saying “ba ba”.

(5). Not really all modern-day Indo-Europeanlanguages, though; Serbo-Croatian, because that example, supplies pitch. Thereare more than likely other I-E languages using pitch as well.

(6). But, English speaker beware: the symbol walk not stand for the sound of “ee” as in “meet”, however for the sound that “e” together in “get”. Likewise, means a shorter version of “ee” as in “meet”. Likewise note, since the Japanese language was mentioned: actually the Japanese is unrounded, vice versa, the Greek is rounded.

See more: How To Make Putty For Wall, How To Make A Wall Putty Formula

(7). Sometimes young human being from the U.S.A. Who desire toestablish a new fraternity or sorority ask me this question,because they want to pick “meaningful” Greek letter fortheir organization. If girlfriend are among those people and also aredisappointed by the prize of this question, there is tho hope. Select two or threeEnglish words the are systematic to you, ask me what the corresponding Greek native are, and choose theinitial Greek letter for your fraternity or sorority.

Where to walk from here: want to learn more about Greek? earlier to the “main” Greek language page