Overview

Anemia is a condition in which friend lack sufficient healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to her body"s tissues. Having anemia, likewise referred to as low hemoglobin, have the right to make you feel tired and weak.

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There are numerous forms the anemia, each with its own cause. Anemia have the right to be temporary or long term and can range from mild to severe. In many cases, anemia has much more than one cause. View your medical professional if you suspect that you have anemia. It can be a warning sign of significant illness.


Treatments because that anemia, which count on the cause, range from acquisition supplements to having actually medical procedures. Friend might be able to prevent some types of anemia by eating a healthy, differed diet.

Types


Symptoms

Anemia signs and symptoms vary relying on the cause and also severity the anemia. Depending on the causes of her anemia, you might have no symptoms.

Signs and also symptoms, if they perform occur, might include:

fatigue Weakness Pale or yellowish skin rarely often, rarely heartbeats Shortness of breath Dizziness or lightheadedness Chest pain Cold hands and feet Headaches

At first, anemia deserve to be so mild that you don"t notice it. However symptoms worsen as anemia worsens.

When to view a doctor

Make one appointment with your doctor if you feel fatigued and also you don"t recognize why.

Fatigue has many causes besides anemia, so don"t assume that if you"re tired you must be anemic. Some people learn that their hemoglobin is low, which indicates anemia, when they donate blood. If you"re told that you can"t donate because of short hemoglobin, make an appointment through your doctor.


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Causes

Anemia have the right to be as result of a problem present at bear (congenital) or to a condition you develop (acquired). Anemia occurs as soon as your blood doesn"t have sufficient red blood cells.

This can take place if:

your body doesn"t make enough red blood cells Bleeding causes you to lose red blood cells much more quickly than they have the right to be replaced Your body destroys red blood cells

What red blood cells do

Your body provides three varieties of blood cells — white blood cell to hit infection, platelets to help your blood clot, and also red blood cell to lug oxygen from her lungs come the rest of her body and carbon dioxide indigenous the body earlier to the lungs.

Red blood cells contain hemoglobin — one iron-rich protein that provides blood that is red color. Hemoglobin enables red blood cell to lug oxygen from your lungs come all parts of her body and to lug carbon dioxide from various other parts that the human body to her lungs to be exhaled.

Most blood cells, consisting of red blood cells, are developed regularly in her bone marrow — a spongy material discovered within the caries of numerous of your large bones. To produce hemoglobin and also red blood cells, your body needs iron, vitamin B-12, folate and other nutrient from the foods items you eat.

Causes the anemia

Different types of anemia have different causes. They include:

Iron deficiency anemia. This most common type of anemia is caused by a shortage of steel in her body. Her bone marrow demands iron to make hemoglobin. Without enough iron, your body can"t produce enough hemoglobin for red blood cells.

Without stole supplementation, this type of anemia wake up in numerous pregnant women. It"s likewise caused by blood loss, such as from heavy menstrual bleeding; an ulcer in the stomach or tiny bowel; cancer the the large bowel; and also regular usage of some pain relievers the are easily accessible without a prescription, specifically aspirin, i beg your pardon can reason inflammation of the stomach lining leading to blood loss. It"s crucial to recognize the source of stole deficiency to prevent recurrence of the anemia.

Vitamin deficiency anemia. as well as iron, her body needs folate and vitamin B-12 to develop enough healthy red blood cells. A diet doing not have in these and also other an essential nutrients can reason decreased red blood cell production. Some people who consume sufficient B-12 aren"t able to absorb the vitamin. This have the right to lead come vitamin deficiency anemia, also known together pernicious anemia. Anemia the inflammation. specific diseases — such together cancer, HIV/AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, kidney disease, Crohn"s disease and other acute or chronic inflammatory diseases — deserve to interfere v the manufacturing of red blood cells. Aplastic anemia. This rare, life-threatening anemia occurs when your human body doesn"t create enough red blood cells. Causes of aplastic anemia encompass infections, specific medicines, autoimmune diseases and exposure to toxic chemicals. Anemias connected with bone marrow disease. A range of diseases, such as leukemia and also myelofibrosis, can cause anemia by influence blood production in your bone marrow. The effects of these varieties of cancer and also cancer-like disorders vary from mild to life-threatening. Hemolytic anemias. This team of anemias establishes when red blood cell are destroyed faster than bone marrow can replace them. Particular blood conditions increase red blood cabinet destruction. You have the right to inherit a hemolytic anemia, or friend can develop it later on in life. Sickle cell anemia. This inherited and also sometimes serious condition is a hemolytic anemia. It"s brought about by a defective kind of hemoglobin that forces red blood cells to assume an abnormal crescent (sickle) shape. This irregular blood cells die prematurely, resulting in a chronic shortage of red blood cells.

Risk factors

These factors place friend at enhanced risk the anemia:

A diet doing not have in certain vitamins and minerals. A diet continuously low in iron, vitamin B-12, folate and also copper boosts your threat of anemia. Intestinal disorders. having an minister disorder the affects the absorb of nutrients in your little intestine — such as Crohn"s an illness and celiac disease — puts you at threat of anemia. Menstruation. In general, women who haven"t had menopause have a better risk of stole deficiency anemia than perform men and postmenopausal women. Menstruation causes the loss of red blood cells. Pregnancy. gift pregnant and not taking a multivitamin through folic acid and iron, boosts your danger of anemia.

Chronic conditions. If you have cancer, kidney failure or one more chronic condition, you could be at threat of anemia the chronic disease. These conditions can cause a shortage the red blood cells.

Slow, chronic blood loss indigenous an ulcer or other resource within your body can diminish your body"s save of iron, causing iron deficiency anemia.

Family history. If your family members has a history of an inherited anemia, such as sickle cabinet anemia, you likewise might it is in at increased risk that the condition. Other factors. A background of specific infections, blood diseases and also autoimmune disorders increases your risk of anemia. Alcoholism, exposure to toxic chemicals and also the use of some medications can affect red blood cell production and lead come anemia. Age. civilization over period 65 space at boosted risk of anemia.

Complications

Left untreated, anemia can cause many health problems, together as:

Extreme fatigue. serious anemia deserve to make you so tired that friend can"t finish everyday tasks. Pregnancy complications. Pregnant women v folate deficiency anemia can be more likely to have complications, such together premature birth. Heart problems. Anemia deserve to lead to a quick or irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia). Once you"re anemic her heart pumps more blood to consist of for the lack of oxygen in the blood. This deserve to lead come an enlarged heart or love failure. Death. some inherited anemias, such together sickle cell anemia, can lead come life-threatening complications. Losing a the majority of blood easily results in acute, serious anemia and can it is in fatal. Among older people, anemia is linked with an increased risk the death.

Prevention

Many species of anemia can"t be prevented. However you can avoid iron deficiency anemia and vitamin deficiency anemias by eat a diet that includes a selection of vitamins and minerals, including:

Iron. Iron-rich foods include beef and other meats, beans, lentils, iron-fortified cereals, dark green leafy vegetables and dried fruit. Folate. This nutrient, and its synthetic type folic acid, deserve to be discovered in fruits and also fruit juices, dark green leafy vegetables, eco-friendly peas, kidney beans, peanuts, and enriched grain products, such together bread, cereal, pasta and rice. Vitamin B-12. foods items rich in vitamin B-12 incorporate meat, dairy products products, and fortified cereal and also soy products. Vitamin C. foods rich in vitamin C encompass citrus fruits and also juices, peppers, broccoli, tomatoes, melons and strawberries. This also help increase iron absorption.

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If you"re concerned about getting enough vitamins and also minerals native food, questioning your physician whether a multivitamin can help.