The Pledge that Allegiance

The Pledge that Allegiance was composed in august 1892 through the socialist minister Francis Bellamy (1855-1931). It was originally published in The Youth"s Companion ~ above September 8, 1892. Bellamy had hoped the the pledge would be offered by citizens in any kind of country.

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In the original type it read:

"I pledge allegiance to my Flag and also the Republic because that which it stands, one nation, indivisible, through liberty and justice because that all."

In 1923, the words, "the Flag of the United says of America" were added. At this time it read:

"I pledge allegiance come the Flag of the United states of America and also to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and also justice because that all."

In 1954, in an answer to the Communist risk of the times, president Eisenhower encouraged Congress to include the native "under God," developing the 31-word pledge us say today. Bellamy"s daughter objected to this alteration. This particular day it reads:

"I pledge allegiance to the flag that the United states of America, and also to the republic because that which the stands, one country under God, indivisible, with liberty and also justice because that all."

Section 4 of the Flag password states:

The Pledge that Allegiance to the Flag: "I pledge allegiance come the Flag the the United says of America, and also to the Republic for which the stands, one country under God, indivisible, v liberty and also justice because that all.", need to be rendered by standing in ~ attention facing the flag v the appropriate hand end the heart. When not in uniform males should remove any non-religious headdress through their best hand and hold it in ~ the left shoulder, the hand being end the heart. Persons in uniform need to remain silent, challenge the flag, and also render the armed forces salute."

The original Bellamy salute, first described in 1892 through Francis Bellamy, who authored the original Pledge, started with a armed forces salute, and after reciting the indigenous "to the flag," the arm was extended toward the flag.

At a signal native the primary the pupils, in ordered ranks, hand to the side, challenge the Flag. Another signal is given; every pupil provides the flag the military salute — right hand lifted, palm downward, come a line v the forehead and close to it. Standing thus, every repeat together, slowly, "I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands; one country indivisible, with Liberty and also Justice because that all." in ~ the words, "to my Flag," the appropriate hand is expanded gracefully, palm upward, toward the Flag, and also remains in this gesture till the end of the affirmation; whereupon all hands instantly drop come the side.

The Youth"s Companion, 1892

Shortly thereafter, the pledge was started with the ideal hand end the heart, and also after reciting "to the Flag," the arm was extended toward the Flag, palm-down.

In world War II, the salute too much resembled the Nazi salute, so it was readjusted to save the appropriate hand end the love throughout.

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HISTORIC DOCUMENTSMagna CartaThe Letter that Columbus to luis De Sant point of view Announcing His DiscoveryThe Mayflower CompactPennsylvania Charter of PrivilegesGive Me Liberty Or offer Me DeathThe declaration of IndependenceArticles that ConfederationConstitution of the united StatesBill that Rights and also Later AmendmentsPetition indigenous the Pennsylvania culture for the Abolition the SlaveryTo those who store slaves, and also approve the practiceWashington"s farewell AddressThe Star Spangled BannerThe Monroe DoctrineHarkins to American PeopleLincoln"s House divided SpeechLincoln"s an initial Inaugural AddressThe Emancipation ProclamationLincoln"s second Inaugural AddressThe Gettysburg AddressThe Pledge that Allegiance
The American"s CreedThe financial Bill of RightsAsk no What Your country Can execute For You

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